To find out how much sugar might have been added to a given wine, your best bet may be to contact the producer directly. The addition of sulfites, used as a preservative, must be listed on the label in order to notify individuals who might be allergic, yet more than 60 different additives can legally be used without being disclosed. “Wine is by nature somewhat acidic, and adjustments can help to balance the elements of sweet and sour,” Nancy Light, vice president of communications for Wine Institute, the main advocacy association for the California wine industry, said in an email. “Winemakers are permitted by government regulations to make sweetness adjustments after fermentation to achieve desired wine styles.” According to the United States Department of Agriculture, a five-ounce glass of red table wine typically contains about 0.9 grams of total sugar, while a glass of chardonnay contains about 1.4 grams. The 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend limiting added sugar intake to no more than 10 percent of daily calories, which is about 12 teaspoons, or 50 grams. The American Heart Association recommends limiting intake even further: no more than six teaspoons (about 25 grams, or 100 calories) per day for women, and no more than nine teaspoons (36 grams, 150 calories) per day for men. Along with adding sugar for the purpose of sweetening wine, some producers add sugar before or during fermentation in order to achieve a certain alcohol level. This process is called chaptalization, and it is more common in cooler wine regions such as Oregon, where grapes ripen more slowly. In wine, it comes from grape juice. Grapes that are riper have higher sugar levels, but if available grapes are not as ripe, a winemaker may add sugar to aid in fermentation and achieve the desired amount of alcohol.
It’s well-accepted in the health world that fat is great for you, but you have to be careful about what types of fat you include in your diet.
While there are a number of whole-food sources of healthy fat like avocado, coconut, and certain fish and meats, one of our favorite sources is hemp hearts. Hemp hearts, sometimes referred to as hulled hemp seeds, are the seed of the hemp plant. No, they won’t get you high, but they will give you tons of anti-inflammatory omega-3s, in addition to all 10 amino acids (making them, like meat, a complete protein source). Additionally, hemp hearts have 10g of complete protein per 3 tablespoons (flaxseed and chia, in comparison, each has 5g of incomplete protein per 3 tablespoons—and neither are as good of a source of omega-3s).
Hemp hearts are also unbelievably versatile. You can use them to make crispy breading for vegetables and protein (we love this hormone-balancing hemp-crusted salmon), or simply toss a few tablespoons into your morning smoothie (it makes it super thick and creamy, too!). Hemp hearts are also…