Mobility aids: Types, benefits, and use. Typically people who have disabilities or injuries, or older adults who are at increased risk of falling, choose to use mobility aids. Types of mobility aids The type of mobility aid required will depend on the mobility issue or injury. The most common types of mobility aids include: Crutches Crutches help to transfer weight from the legs to the upper body. Forearm crutches are more commonly used by people with long-term disabilities. Common types of canes include: White canes. Forearm canes. It can be used with one or both hands and provides greater support than a standard cane. Guide dogs Guide dogs are specially trained service animals used to escort people who are blind or visually impaired by helping the owner navigate obstacles. Who can benefit from mobility aids?
Your spit may hold a clue to future brain health. Investigators at the Beaumont Research Institute, part of Beaumont Health in Michigan, are hopeful that their study involving small molecules in saliva will help identify those at risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease – a neurologic condition predicted to reach epidemic proportions worldwide by 2050.
Their study, “Diagnostic Biomarkers of Alzheimer’s Disease as Identified in Saliva using 1H NMR-Based Metabolomics” was published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease.
Investigators found salivary molecules hold promise as reliable diagnostic biomarkers.
The study exemplifies the quest by scientists to combat Alzheimer’s disease, a degenerative brain disorder with no cure and few reliable diagnostic tests. In the United States, Alzheimer’s is a health epidemic affecting more than 5 million Americans. Investigators seek to develop valid and reliable biomarkers, diagnosing the disease in its earliest stages before brain damage occurs and dementia begins.
Researcher Stewart Graham, Ph.D., said, “We used metabolomics, a newer technique to study molecules involved in metabolism. Our goal was to find unique patterns of molecules in the saliva of our study participants that could be used to diagnose Alzheimer’s disease in the earliest stages, when treatment is considered most effective. Presently, therapies for Alzheimer’s are initiated only after a patient is diagnosed and treatments offer modest benefits.”