A quarter of nursing home residents are colonized with drug-resistant bacteria. The significant presence of multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria (MDR-GNB), such as E. coli, among nursing home residents demonstrates the need for heightened infection control prevention and control measures in nursing homes, according to a meta-analysis published in the American Journal of Infection Control, the official journal of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC). Researchers also found that nine of the 12 studies involved identiﬁed speciﬁc factors that are associated with increased MDR-GNB colonization risk, including advanced age, gender, comorbid chronic diseases, history of recurrent hospitalization, increased interaction with healthcare workers, frequent antimicrobial exposure, delayed initiation of effective antibiotic therapy, presence of medical devices, decreased functional status, advanced dementia, nonambulatory status, fecal incontinence, severe sepsis present on admission, and residency in a long-term care facility. "This study underscores the importance of having strong infection prevention programs in all nursing homes and long-term care facilities," said 2017 APIC President Linda Greene, RN, MPS, CIC, FAPIC. "Understanding the dynamics and cause of MDR-GNB transmission is crucial to identifying effective infection control strategies speciﬁc to these settings." Prevention and management of MDR-GNB in nursing homes are complicated and require extensive infection control resources due to challenges common to this setting such as understaffing, fewer resources, insufficient training, and inadequate surveillance. "Identifying which patients are most prone to an increased risk of MDR-GNB will enable infection preventionists to tailor efforts and stem future contaminations," wrote Aliyu, et al. "The results of our study suggest that there is much more to be done with regard to infection prevention within nursing homes, and that increased measures must be taken with elderly patients in regard to MDR-GNB colonization." According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the percentage of gram-negative bacteria that are resistant to drugs is increasing. MDR-GNB cause serious infections in healthcare settings including pneumonia, bloodstream infections, wound or surgical site infections, and meningitis. Article: Prevalence of multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria among nursing home residents: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Sainfer Aliyu, MPhil, MSEd, MHPM, BSN, RN, Arlene Smaldone, PhD, CPNP, CDE, Elaine Larson, PhD, RN, CIC, FAAN, American Journal of Infection Control, doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2017.01.022, published online April 2017.
My 60th year has been the busiest of my life. Before it’s over, I will have moved twice, put the heat to a back-burner passion, refreshed important friendships, picked up a new musical instrument and increased my income by improving my habits.
It didn’t start off to be a year of self-improvement, but when I decided I wanted to live to be 100, I knew it was time to get busy. I think a lot of us make important decisions and go through changes on big birthdays.
I credit one new habit with having the best influence on me this year. I’ve started meditating. Here’s how it all came about for me.
Stress Attacks from the Inside Out
If selling a home of 26 years wasn’t enough, we had already started building another home and moved to a third location where we would live during construction. Perhaps most taxing: I am the realtor, and the most demanding client ever is my husband. After 90 days on the market, he was stressing us both out.
A much younger, very with-it realtor found our buyer. She sensed my stress. “You should try meditation,” she said. Sure, I thought to myself. There’s not enough time in a day as it is.
A few days later, I end up in the doctor’s office with a miserable rash on my right arm and down my right side. I fear it’s shingles.
That same morning, I’m packing to go out-of-state for a family wedding. More problematic than hiding this rash in my new sleeveless dress, is that shingles is a no-no around my pregnant niece and the adorable young children I can’t wait to see in person rather than on Instagram.
It wasn’t shingles, though I learned stress can aggravate the shingles virus. My doctor diagnosed my ugly, itchy skin as a stress reaction. She prescribed Prednisone and suggested meditation. “Meditate any way you want,” she said. “Just learn to calm your mind.”
Meditation Cures Many Ills
More than 3,000 scientific studies have proven the benefits of…