What Evidence Is Needed To Transform Health And Health Care?. There is an extensive evidence base evaluating the implementation of the ACA, but more research is needed on the potential effects of the provisions of the AHCA as well as research to see which payment and delivery system reforms could drive improvements in value. Programs like State Health Access Reform Evaluation (SHARE) and Policy-Relevant Insurance Studies, both funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF), generated important, investigator-initiated research evidence to evaluate the implementation of the ACA at the state level and to address highly policy-relevant questions related to health insurance markets. Other RWJF-funded projects like the Urban Institute’s Quick Strike Health Policy Analysis or Georgetown University’s Rapid Response Project, enabled timely policy analysis to address emerging issues related to health reform. These and many other projects have generated a robust evidence base for evaluating health reform implementation and informing the next steps to improve health and health care in the United States. Policy makers need evidence that addresses questions such as: how can we promote greater affordability and stability in the individual insurance market? What would be the impact of provisions to increase flexibility in the Medicaid program? The CFP, managed by AcademyHealth, is open through June 23, 3 p.m. (EDT) and seeks to fund rigorous empirical studies that evaluate policies or predict the potential effects of policies or policy changes intended to transform health and health care systems. Essential components of this Research in Transforming Health and Health Care Systems CFP are that applicants propose studies that are timely and will directly inform the policy process. What evidence is needed to transform health and health care in the United States?
Plums are extremely nutritious, with a variety of health benefits to offer.
They contain many vitamins and minerals, in addition to fiber and antioxidants that may help reduce your risk of several chronic diseases.
You can consume plums fresh or dried. Dried plums, or prunes, are known for improving several health conditions, including constipation and osteoporosis.
This article lists 7 evidence-based health benefits of plums and prunes
1. They Contain Many Nutrients
Plums and prunes are impressively high in nutrients. They contain over 15 different vitamins and minerals, in addition to fiber and antioxidants.
Here is an overview of the nutrition profiles of plums and prunes.
- Calories: 30
- Carbs: 8 grams
- Fiber: 1 gram
- Sugars: 7 grams
- Vitamin A: 5% of the RDI
- Vitamin C: 10% of the RDI
- Vitamin K: 5% of the RDI
- Potassium: 3% of the RDI
- Copper: 2% of the RDI
- Manganese: 2% of the RDI
Additionally, one plum provides a small amount of B vitamins, phosphorus and magnesium (1).
Prunes are higher in calories than plums. A 1-ounce (28-gram) serving of prunes contains the following (2):
- Calories: 67
- Carbs: 18 grams
- Fiber: 2 grams
- Sugars: 11 grams
- Vitamin A: 4% of the RDI
- Vitamin K: 21% of the RDI
- Vitamin B2: 3% of the RDI
- Vitamin B3: 3% of the RDI
- Vitamin B6: 3% of the RDI
- Potassium: 6% of the RDI
- Copper: 4% of the RDI
- Manganese: 4% of the RDI
- Magnesium: 3% of the RDI
- Phosphorus: 2% of the RDI
Overall, the vitamin and mineral content of one serving of plums and prunes differs slightly. Prunes contain more vitamin K than plums and are somewhat higher in B vitamins and minerals.
In addition, prunes are higher in calories, fiber and carbs than fresh plums.
Summary: The vitamin and mineral content of plums and prunes differs slightly, but both are packed with nutrients. Additionally, prunes contain more calories, fiber and carbs than fresh plums.
2. Prunes and Prune Juice May Relieve Constipation
Prunes and prune juice are well known for their ability to relieve constipation.
This is partly due to the high amount of fiber in prunes. One prune provides 1 gram of fiber (2).
The fiber in prunes is mostly insoluble, which means it does not blend with water.
In one study, people who consumed 2 ounces (50 grams) of prunes every day for three weeks reported better stool consistency and frequency compared to a group that consumed psyllium (7).
It is important to keep in mind that eating too many prunes at once may lead to undesirable effects, such as diarrhea. To prevent this from occurring, it is best to stick with a serving of 1/4–1/2 cup (44–87 grams) per day.
If you are using prune juice, make sure it is 100% juice without added sugars. Additionally, limit your portion size to 4–8 ounces (118–237 ml) per day.
Summary: Prunes and prune juice may be effective for relieving constipation due to their content of fiber and sorbitol.
3. Plums and Prunes Are Rich in Antioxidants
Plums and prunes are rich in antioxidants, which are helpful for reducing inflammation and protecting your cells from damage by free radicals.
They are particularly high in polyphenol antioxidants, which have positive effects on bone health and may help reduce the risk of…