It Is Fundamental to Good Health Sleep is more than just a time for your body and mind to rest. In fact, being sleep deprived for just one night can increase your emotional response to negative feelings by 60% (2). Unfortunately, not getting enough good-quality sleep can cause much more harm than simply feeling tired. Summary: Not getting enough sleep is linked to many negative effects, including impaired focus and decision making and a higher risk of heart disease, obesity, diabetes and Alzheimer’s. Genetic Makeup Genetics is another determinant of how many hours of sleep you need per night. Certain genetic mutations can affect how long you need to sleep, at what time of day you prefer to sleep and how you respond to sleep deprivation (15). Sleep Quality The quality of your sleep can also impact how much you need. If your sleep quality is poor, you may find that you still feel tired after getting what should be considered enough. Habits like minimizing caffeine and sleeping at regular hours can help. However, for most adults, 7–9 hours per night is the ideal amount.
Q. Some wineries add sugar to dry red wines after fermentation so that they taste “smoother” to the American palate. How can I find out how much sugar is in what I am drinking?
A. To find out how much sugar might have been added to a given wine, your best bet may be to contact the producer directly.
Winemakers employ a range of techniques to achieve desired properties and flavor profiles. The addition of sulfites, used as a preservative, must be listed on the label in order to notify individuals who might be allergic, yet more than 60 different additives can legally be used without being disclosed. With regard to sugar, regulations vary by state. In California, for instance, added sugar is not allowed at any point in the winemaking process. There, winemakers may rely on unfermented grape juice to tweak the sweetness.
“Wine is by nature somewhat acidic, and adjustments can help to balance the elements of sweet and sour,” Nancy Light, vice president of communications for Wine Institute, the main advocacy association for the California wine industry, said in an email. “Winemakers are permitted by government regulations to make sweetness adjustments after fermentation to achieve desired wine styles.”
According to the United States Department of Agriculture, a five-ounce glass of red table…